What are Funds of Knowledge?
Funds of Knowledge are collections of knowledge based in cultural practices that are a part of families’ inner culture, work experience, or their daily routine. It is the knowledge and expertise that students and their family members have because of their roles in their families, communities, and culture.
Funds of Knowledge can include learning how to make Gnocchi from scratch or how to keep score at a curling match. It could be quilting or spinning wool into yarn. It could be how to fix a car, how to care for a crying baby, or how to prepare a Seder. What makes using these Funds of Knowledge so powerful is that it is culturally relevant to students. It brings more diversity into your classroom for students that don’t relate culturally. It offers teachers a chance to become researchers of their students’ lives in order to better connect with our students’ home cultures and ultimately to act as a bridge when needed. And it creates a deeper connection to learning materials for our students.
As teachers, seeking out these Funds of Knowledge offer us a chance to see a more complex view of the families we serve and develop deeper relationships with them which can be harder to do when working cross-culturally but brings great benefits to both the students and our teaching practice.
This concept was developed by educational researchers Luis Moll, Cathy Amanti, Deborah Neff, and Norma Gonzalez. You can read more about the development of this concept and the research that went into it here.
Who Has Funds of Knowledge?
Every member of the school community. Your students, co-workers, and students’ families.
How Can I Incorporate Funds Of Knowledge Into My Early Childhood Classroom?
In the study linked above, there is a wonderful example of how a teacher used one child’s summer experience in Mexico to teach the class about candy making, but it is clear that these weren’t preschoolers they were teaching. For our purposes, I am going to simplify the concept for practical use in early childhood. In an early childhood education class this is how I would suggest implementing a Funds of Knowledge approach:
- If possible make home visits. I know that home visits are not possible for many of you. I have heard from so many teachers that are not permitted to for one reason or another. If you are not able to, have parent nights where only a limited number of parents come. Then repeat the process with options for daytime and nighttime meetings if possible. This will make it more accessible for parents who work shift work or who can not get childcare. Use these meetings to get to know the parents.
- Invite parents/ caregivers into your classroom to share their talents and expertise. This can be hard because parents often do not believe they have any. This is where knowing the parents helps. You know that one mom is a fire-fighter; ask her to come in an talk about fire safety, you know one dad makes the best cookies; ask him to make them with the children. Most parents will come in if you ask, the worst they can say is no.
- Find ways for parents to share their Funds of Knowledge outside of classroom hours. Perhaps a family art project to make a quilt square that a student’s grandmother will sew together on her own time. The teacher can then incorporate that into a lesson and keep the connection alive.
- Be open to students who want to share their Funds of Knowledge as well. Many in our age group ( 2-5) may not be interested but allowing children to share has great benefits as already explained but also builds confidence and for children, especially children in minority groups who may not often feel seen if offers them a chance to shine and share something significant with their peers and teachers.
- Use the knowledge you have gathered to create culturally relevant experiences for your students. You don’t have to rely on classroom visitors to do this.
- Build on these connections in your classroom over and over again. At the play dough table, then talk about making those special cookies with Hailey’s dad. When you are scooping out beans in the sensory bin, talk about cooking beans with Jaden’s mom… keep it going!
- Use the knowledge you learn from the families both with visits/ parent meetings and when they come in to share as a tool for connecting with their child. Remember those small significant bits of knowledge about each students family, of course, allow you to better connect with each one of your students. Understanding where your students, even very young ones, are coming from changes how we teach.
I’ve simplified the approach for you in this post to break it down for an early childhood environment, but the overall goal is for the teacher to learn from the student and family, connect, and then use that knowledge to create a more authentic learning environment for the child and class as a whole.